Offener Brief: Den Europarat retten

Mit der Annexion der Krim und dem uner­klärten Krieg in der Ostukraine hat die russische Führung die Prin­zi­pien der euro­päi­schen Frie­dens­ord­nung mit Füßen getreten. Daraufhin wurden Russland die Stimm­rechte in der Parla­men­ta­ri­schen Versamm­lung des Euro­pa­rats entzogen. Das ist eine Frage der Selbst­ach­tung dieses Gremiums, das die Einhal­tung der Menschen­rechte, den gegen­sei­tigen Gewalt­ver­zicht und die gleiche Souve­rä­nität aller euro­päi­schen Staaten gewähr­leisten soll. Jetzt versucht der Kreml im Verein mit seinen poli­ti­schen Freunden eine Aufhebung dieser Sanktion zu erreichen, ohne seine Politik im mindesten zu ändern. Damit würde der Europarat seine norma­tiven Grund­lagen aufgeben.  Dagegen richtet sich der folgende Offene Brief von Personen des öffent­li­chen Lebens aus ganz Europa.

Open Letter

We, the under­si­gned, are strongly concerned about the possible demise of the Council of Europe, which can take place very soon.

In response to Russia’s illegal annexa­tion of the Crimea and military aggres­sion in Eastern Ukraine the Council of Europe suspended the voting rights of the Russian dele­ga­tion. In its turn, Russia has turned to blackmail, having suspended member­ship fees to the Council of Europe and boycot­ting parti­ci­pa­tion in the Parlia­men­tary Assembly.

In order to trium­phantly return to the PACE in January next year without imple­men­ting demands contained in a number of PACE reso­lu­tions, Russia and its supporters decided to act by the principle: if you can not change the policy of the Council of Europe, change its rules. If changes to the current sanctions rules are made, it will be virtually impos­sible to apply sanctions in the future AGAINST ANY MEMBER STATE.

Such changes, resulting in the uncon­di­tional return of Russia to PACE, will have the following negative impact on the Council of Europe and situation with human rights in Europe:

1) by allowing Russia to succeed in black­mai­ling, the CoE will compro­mise and discredit itself. A weak Council of Europe will lose its authority and influence in those parts of Europe where it is needed the most;

2) without the capacity to apply sanctions, the Parlia­men­tary Assembly of the Council of Europe will become a toothless orga­niza­tion, stripping itself of the only tool which could motivate an offender of the CoE’s declared values – democracy, human rights and rule of law – to correct its policies;

3) it could trigger a full-scale crisis in the organization.

We call upon the ruling elites of all CoE Member States not to allow the demise of the orga­niza­tion. History will judge harshly those who give in to blackmail from unde­mo­cratic societies where the rule of force is above the rule of law.

Signed by:
Toomas Hendrik Ilves, fourth president of Estonia (2006–2016)
Petras Aušt­re­vičius, Member of the European Parlia­ment, Lithuania
Eitvydas Bajarunas, Ambassador-at-Large for Hybrid threats, Lithua­nian MFA,
Andrius Kubilius, Member of Parlia­ment, Prime Minister of Lithuania (1999–2000, 2008–2012)
Beatriz Becerra, Member of the European Parlia­ment, vice-chair of the European Parlia­ment Subcom­mittee on Human Rights, Spain
Rebecca Harms, Member of the European Parlia­ment, Germany
Anna Maria, Corazza Bildt, Member of the European Parlia­ment, Sweden
Ana Gomes, Member of the European Parlia­ment, Portugal
František Kopřiva, Deputy, Czech Pirate Party, Repre­sen­ta­tive to PACE, Czech Republic
Jan Lipavsky, Member of the Parlia­ment, Chamber of Deputies, Czech Republic
Werner Schulz, former MP and MEP, Germany
Hanne Seve­rinsen, Danish Helsinki Committee, Former MP and PACE, Denmark
Marie­luise Beck, Former Bundestag Member, Germany
Danylo Lubkivsky, Former Deputy Foreign Minister, Ukraine
Markus Meckel, Former Foreign Minister of the GDR; Vors. Stif­tungsrat Bundes­stif­tung Aufar­bei­tung, Germany
Paweł Kowal, Former member of the European Parlia­ment, Poland

Also signed by:
Sonja Adelheid, member, Bündnis 90/​die Grünen, Germany
Hannes Adomeit, Senior fellow, Institute for Security Policy, UKIEL, Germany
Willem Alders­hoff, former head of unit, European Commis­sion, Analyst inter­na­tional affairs, Belgium
Jessikka Aro, Jour­na­list, Finland
Anders Åslund, Senior Fellow, Atlantic Council, Swedish citizen, resident in the USA
Dalia Bank­aus­kaite, Head of the Media program at the Vilnius Institute for policy analysis, Lithuania
Kamil Basaj, Info Ops Project Manager, CEO at @Disinfo_Digest, Poland
Steven Blockmans, Senior research fellow, CEPS, Belgium
Olaf Boehnke, Advisor, Alliance of Demo­cra­cies, Germany
Tim Bohse, Political Scientist, Germany
Simon Bracey-Lane, Research Fellow, Institute for State­craft, UK
Alek­sandar Brezar, Editor, National RTV of Bosnia and Herze­go­vina (BHRT), Bosnia and Herzegovina
Pascal Bruckner, philo­so­pher, France
Simas Čelutka, Head of European Security Programme at Vilnius Institute for Policy Analysis, Lithuania
Iulian Chifu, Professor, rese­ar­cher; Conflict Preven­tion and Early Warning Center Bucharest, Romania
Carmen Claudín, Associate senior rese­ar­cher CIDOB, Spain
Evan O’Connell, European Affairs commen­tator, France
Halyna Coynash, Kharkiv Human Rights Group, Ukraine
Eugene Czolij, Ukrainian World Congress, President, Canada
Haroldas Daublys, Head of Lithua­nian Riflemen’s Union’s support group for Ukraine, Lithuania
Danilo Elia Rai, Public broad­caster of Italy /​ Jour­na­list, Italy
Urve Eslas, Adjunct fellow, CEPA, Estonia
Yevhen Fedchenko, co-founder, Ukraine
André Fesiak, Inde­pen­dent Rese­ar­cher, France
Petr Fojtík, Analyst, Czech Pirate Party, Czech Republic
Ralf Fuecks, Center for Liberal Modernity, Director, Germany
Anna Garmash, Head of “Ukraine Action” (NGO), France
Alyona Getman­chuk, director, New Europe Center, Ukraine
Anke Giesen, Lecturer, Germany
Paul Goble, Former US Govern­ment Specia­list on the Non-Russian Peoples of the Formber Soviet Space, USA
George Grabowicz, Professor, Harvard Univer­sity, United States
Gustav Gressel, Senior Policy Fellow; European Council on Foreign Relations, Germany
Iulian Groza, Executive Director, Institute for European Policies and Reforms, Moldova
Pavel Havlicek, Analyst at Asso­cia­tion for Inter­na­tional Affairs (AMO) in Prague, Czech Republic
Berta Herrero, MEP Advisor, European Parlia­ment, Spain
Maryna Iaros­he­vych, Director of the Ukrainian World Congress Mission to Inter­na­tional Orga­niza­tions, Belgium
Jakub Janda, Director, European Values Think-Tank, Czech Republic
Kornely Kakachia, Georgian Institute of Politics, Georgia
Julia Kazdobina, Head, Ukrainian Foun­da­tion for Security Studies, Ukraine
Tamar Kint­s­u­rash­vili, Director, Media Deve­lo­p­ment Foun­da­tion (MDF), Georgia
Lino Klevesath, political scientist, Germany
Jana Kobzova, Advisor, Alliance of Demo­cra­cies, Belgium
Petr Kolář, Občané pro – Citizens for Czech Republic
Peter Koller, The Greens, Germany
Lyudmyla Kozlovska, President of the Open Dialogue Foun­da­tion, Belgium
Jacek Kuch­ar­czyk, President, Institute of Public Affairs, Poland
Kosti­antyn Kvurt, Head of Board at Internews Ukraine, Ukraine
Philippe De Lara, assistant professor of political science at Paris 2 univer­sity, France
Marius Lauri­na­vicius, Senior expert, Vilnius Institute for Policy Analysis, Lithuania
John Lough, Associate Fellow, Russia & Eurasia Programme, Chatham House, the United Kingdom
Jeff Lovitt, New Diplomacy, Chair, UK and Czech Republic
Oleksiy Makukhin, Ukraine Crisis Media Center, Ukraine
Jens Mattern, Jour­na­list, Poland
Olek­sandra Matvi­y­chuk, Head of Center for Civil Liberties, Ukraine
Daniel Mazur, Project Manager; Charles Univer­sity, Czech Republic
Martin Mycielski, Brussels Corre­spon­dent, Gazeta Wyborcza, Belgium
James Nixey, Head, Russia and Eurasia Programme, Chatham House
Ghia Nodia, Chairman, Caucasus Institute for Peace, Democracy and Deve­lo­p­ment (CIPDD), Georgia
Robert van der Noordaa, inves­ti­ga­tive jour­na­list, the Netherlands
Oxana Pach­lovska, Professor, Univer­sity of Rome, Italy–Ukraine
Massi­mi­liano Di Pasquale, Jour­na­list and writer, Italy
Tetiana Pechon­chyk, Human Rights Infor­ma­tion Center, the head of board, Ukraine
Nicolas De Pedro, Senior fellow, Institute for State­craft, Spain
Christian Pieper, Judge, Germany
Iryna Pieper, Teacher, Germany
Tetiana Pushnova, Inde­pen­dent media consul­tant, former Chief Producer of inter­na­tional TV Channel UKRAINE TODAY, Ukraine
Antje Rempe language teacher; president of the Part­ner­schafts­verein Charkiw-Nürnberg, Germany
Igor Reshet­nyak, Rese­ar­cher, EPFL, Switzerland
Ben Robinson, Senior Fellow, Institute for State­craft, UK
Giedrius Sakal­auskas, Res Publica, Lithuania
Olaf Saxegaard, Consul­tant, Norway
Alya Shandra, editor, Euro­maidan Press, Ukraine
Anton Shek­hovtsov, Institute for Euro-Atlantic Coope­ra­tion, Ukraine
Kristian Magnus Skarsvåg, IT consul­tant, Norway
Maria Slesazeck, DRA e.V., Germany
Vladimir Socor, Senior Fellow, Jamestown Foun­da­tion, USA /​ Germany
Susan Stewart, German Institute for Inter­na­tional and Security Affairs (SWP), Germany
Alice Stoll­meyer, Executive Director, Defending Democracy, Belgium
Dovile Sukyte, Policy Analyst, Eastern Europe Studies Centre, Lithuania
Sergiy Sydorenko, Editor, European Pravda, Ukraine
Joanna Szostek, Lecturer, Univer­sity of Glasgow, United Kingdom
Wolfgang Templin, Publicist, Germany
Lasha Tughushi, Chairman of the Georgian national platform, EaP Civil Society Forum, Georgia
Reinhard Weißhuhn, Robert-Havemann-Gesell­schaft, Germany
Robert Werner, CEO, Germany
Kataryna Wolczuk, Associate Fellow, Chatham House, United Kingdom
Anna Yavorska, Advocacy Officer, Open Dialogue Foun­da­tion, Belgium
Volodymyr Yermo­lenko, philo­so­pher, jour­na­list, editor at, Ukraine
Borys Zakharov, Huma­ni­ta­rian Studio Khvylia, Head of the Board, Ukraine
Bjørn Johan Berger, Norway
Anzhela Prazdnich­nykh, Belgium
Malvin Nygård, Norway
Dr. Ječmínek Jan Martin, Czech Republic
Antonina Demenko, Norway
Even Jahr, Norway
Jaroslav Froněk, Czech Republic
Ondřej Moravčík, Czech Republic

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