Prager Aufruf für demo­kra­ti­sche Erneue­rung

Foto: www.forum2000.cz

Am 26. Mai 2017 ver­öf­fent­lichte die inter­na­tio­nale Koali­tion für demo­kra­ti­sche Erneue­rung (Coali­tion for Demo­cra­tic Renewal – CDR) den Prager Aufruf. Wir doku­men­tie­ren hier den Wort­laut des Aufrufs im eng­li­schen Ori­gi­nal. Infor­ma­tio­nen zur Koali­tion finden Sie am Ende des Aufrufs. 

The Prague Appeal for Demo­cra­tic Renewal

Adopted in Prague on May 26, 2017

Liberal demo­cracy is under threat, and all who cherish it must come to its defense.

Demo­cracy is threa­tened from without by des­po­tic regimes in Russia, China, and other coun­tries that are tigh­ten­ing repres­sion intern­ally and expan­ding their power glo­bally, filling vacuums left by the fading power, influ­ence, and self-con­fi­dence of the long-estab­lished demo­cra­cies. The aut­ho­ri­ta­ri­ans are using old weapons of hard power as well as new social media and a growing arsenal of soft power to create a post-demo­cra­tic world order in which norms of human rights and the rule of law are repla­ced by the principle of abso­lute state sover­eig­nty.

Demo­cracy is also being threa­tened from within. Illi­be­ra­lism is on the rise in Turkey, Hungary, the Phil­ip­pi­nes, Vene­zuela, and other back­sli­ding demo­cra­cies. In other coun­tries – even long-estab­lished demo­cra­cies – support for liberal demo­cracy has eroded in recent years, espe­ci­ally among younger people who have no memory of the strug­gles against tota­li­ta­ria­nism. Faith in demo­cra­tic insti­tu­ti­ons has been decli­ning for some time, as governments seem unable to cope with the complex new chal­len­ges of glo­ba­li­za­tion, poli­ti­cal pro­ces­ses appear increa­singly sclero­tic and dys­func­tio­nal, and the bureau­cra­cies mana­ging both natio­nal and global insti­tu­ti­ons seem remote and over­bea­ring. Com­po­un­ding the dif­fi­cul­ties, ter­ro­rist vio­lence has created a climate of fear that is used by despots and dem­ago­gues to justify aut­ho­ri­ta­rian power and restric­tions on free­doms.

Such pro­blems have caused widespread anxiety, hos­ti­lity to poli­ti­cal elites and cyni­cism about demo­cracy – fee­lings that have fueled the rise of anti-system poli­ti­cal move­ments and parties. These sen­ti­ments, in turn, have been stoked and infla­med by aut­ho­ri­ta­rian dis­in­for­ma­tion, which increa­singly pene­tra­tes the media space of the demo­cra­cies. The latest Freedom House survey shows that poli­ti­cal rights and civil liber­ties have been on the decline for eleven con­se­cu­tive years, and this year estab­lished demo­cra­cies domi­nate the list of coun­tries suf­fe­ring set­backs in freedom.

Collec­tively, these factors – the geo­po­li­ti­cal retreat of the West, the res­ur­gence of aut­ho­ri­ta­rian poli­ti­cal forces, the erosion of belief in demo­cra­tic values, and the loss of faith in the effi­cacy of demo­cra­tic insti­tu­ti­ons – have brought a his­to­ric halt to demo­cra­tic pro­gress and threa­ten a pos­si­ble “reverse wave” of demo­cra­tic break­downs. Democracy’s sup­por­ters must unite to halt the retreat and to orga­nize a new coali­tion for its moral, intel­lec­tual, and poli­ti­cal renewal.

The star­ting point of a new cam­paign for demo­cracy is a reaf­fir­ma­tion of the fun­da­men­tal princi­ples that have inspi­red the expan­sion of modern demo­cracy since its birth more than two cen­tu­ries ago. These princi­ples are rooted in a belief in the dignity of the human person and in the con­vic­tion that liberal demo­cracy is the poli­ti­cal system that can best safe­guard this dignity and allow it to flou­rish. Among these princi­ples are fun­da­men­tal human rights inclu­ding the basic free­doms of expres­sion, asso­cia­tion, and reli­gion; poli­ti­cal and social plu­ra­lism; the exis­tence of a vibrant civil society that empowers citi­zens at the grass roots; the regular elec­tion of government offi­ci­als through a truly free, fair, open, and com­pe­ti­tive process; ample oppor­tu­nities beyond elec­tions for citi­zens to par­ti­ci­pate and voice their con­cerns; government trans­pa­rency and accoun­ta­bi­lity, secured both through strong checks and balan­ces in the con­sti­tu­tio­nal system and through civil society over­sight; a vigo­rous rule of law, ensured by an inde­pen­dent judi­ciary; a market economy that is free of cor­rup­tion and pro­vi­des oppor­tu­nity for all; and a demo­cra­tic culture of tole­rance, civi­lity, and non-vio­lence.

These princi­ples are being chal­len­ged today not only by apo­lo­gists for illi­be­ra­lism and xeno­pho­bia, but also by rela­ti­vist intel­lec­tu­als who deny that any form of government can be defen­ded as supe­rior. Alt­hough demo­cracy is often con­si­de­red a Western idea, its most fervent defen­ders today are people in non-Western socie­ties who con­ti­nue to fight for demo­cra­tic free­doms against daun­ting odds. Their strug­gles affirm the uni­ver­sa­lity of the demo­cra­tic idea, and their example can help bring about a new birth of demo­cra­tic con­vic­tion in the world’s advan­ced demo­cra­cies.

Despite its intrin­sic value, democracy’s sur­vi­val cannot be assured unless it can demons­trate its ability to help socie­ties meet the chal­len­ges of a chan­ging and unsta­ble world. We ack­now­ledge the deep anxiety and inse­cu­rity of large seg­ments of demo­cra­tic socie­ties and believe that demo­cracy will be strong only if no group is left behind.

While demo­cracy embo­dies uni­ver­sal values, it exists in a par­ti­cu­lar natio­nal context, what Vaclav Havel called the “intel­lec­tual, spi­ri­tual, and cul­tu­ral tra­di­ti­ons that breathe sub­s­tance into it and give it meaning.” Demo­cra­tic citi­zenship, rooted in such tra­di­ti­ons, needs to be streng­t­he­ned, not allowed to atrophy in an era of glo­ba­li­za­tion. Natio­nal iden­tity is too important to be left to the mani­pu­la­tion of despots and dem­ago­gic popu­lists.

The defense of demo­cra­tic values is not a luxury or a purely idea­listic under­ta­king. It is a pre­con­di­tion for decent, inclu­sive socie­ties; the frame­work for social and eco­no­mic pro­gress for people throughout the world; and the foun­da­tion for the pre­ser­va­tion of inter­na­tio­nal peace and secu­rity.

A new Coali­tion for Demo­cra­tic Renewal will serve as a moral and intel­lec­tual cata­lyst for the revi­ta­li­za­tion of the demo­cra­tic idea. The goal is to change the intel­lec­tual and cul­tu­ral climate by waging a princi­pled, infor­med, and impas­sio­ned battle of ideas; defen­ding demo­cracy against its critics; working to streng­t­hen media­ting insti­tu­ti­ons and civil asso­cia­ti­ons; and fashio­ning per­sua­sive argu­ments for liberal demo­cracy that can shape the course of public dis­cus­sion. It will also be necessary to go on the offen­sive against the aut­ho­ri­ta­rian oppon­ents of demo­cracy by demons­tra­ting soli­da­rity with the brave people who are figh­t­ing for demo­cra­tic free­doms, and by expo­sing the crimes of klep­to­crats who rob and oppress their own people, falsify the poli­ti­cal and his­to­ri­cal record, and seek to divide and defame estab­lished demo­cra­cies.

The Coali­tion will also be a broad and inter­ac­tive forum for the exchange of ideas about the best ways to address complex new chal­len­ges facing demo­cracy such as static or decli­ning living stan­dards for many citi­zens, the back­lash against increa­sed immi­gra­tion, the rise of “post-truth poli­tics” in an age of social media, and the erosion of support for liberal demo­cracy. Such a global hub would also advo­cate and promote effec­tive forms of action to revive faith in the effi­cacy of demo­cra­tic insti­tu­ti­ons.

There is no excuse for silence or inac­tion. We dare not cling to the illu­sion of secu­rity at a time when demo­cracy is impe­ri­led. The present crisis pro­vi­des an oppor­tu­nity for com­mit­ted demo­crats to mobi­lize, and we must seize it.

List of Sig­na­to­ries

Mike Abra­mo­witz, USA
Alina Afle­cai­tor, Romania
Sohrab Ahmari, USA
Milos Alcalay, Vene­zuela
Svet­lana Ale­xie­vich, Belarus
Tutu Ali­cante, Equa­to­rial Guinea
Abdul­wa­hab Alkebsi, Yemen/​USA
Mansoor Al-Jamri, Bahrain
Maryam Al-Khawaja, Bahrain
Hajar Al-Kuhtany, Iraq
Manal Al-Sharif, Saudi Arabia
Anne App­le­baum, USA
Oscar Arias Sánchez, Costa Rica
Bernard Aronson, USA
Brian Atwood, USA
Shlomo Avineri, Israel
Leszek Bal­ce­ro­wicz, Poland
Thierno Balde, Guinea
Peter Bartram, Denmark
Youssef Bassem, Egypt
Paul Berman, USA
Tom Bern­stein, USA
Ales Biali­at­ski, Belarus
Sergio Bitar, Chile
Thierno Balde, Guinea
Igor Blaže­vič, Czech Repu­blic
Antony J. Blinken, USA
Ladan Boro­u­mand, Iran /​France
Darko Brkan, Bosnia and Her­ze­go­vina
Andreas Bummel, Germany
Martin Bútora, Slo­va­kia
Kim Camp­bell, Canada
Juan Pablo Car­denal, Spain
Scott Car­pen­ter, USA
Jean-Claude Casa­nova, France
Ketevan Chach­ava, Georgia
Carlos Fer­nando Cha­morro, Nica­ra­gua
Cris­tiana Cha­morro, Nica­ra­gua
Kinman Chan, Hong Kong
Glanis Changachi­rere, Zim­babwe
Lee Cheuk-yan, China
David Clark, UK
Irwin Cotler, Canada
Manuel Cuesta Morúa, Cuba
Michael Danby, Aus­tra­lia
Fre­de­rik Willem de Klerk, South Africa
Rafael Marques de Morais, Angola
Ronald Deibert, Canada
Neelam Deo, India
Zviad Dev­da­riani, Georgia
Larry Diamond, USA
Nadia Diuk, USA
Han Dong­fang, China
Edipcia Dubón, Nica­ra­gua
Bri­gitte Dufour, Belgium
Rafał Dut­hie­wicz, Poland
Andrej Dynko, Belarus
Mustafa Dzhe­mi­lev, Ukraine
Jørgen Ejbøl, Denmark
Nidhi Eose­e­wong, Thai­land
João Carlos Espada, Por­tu­gal
Nino Evge­n­idze, Georgia
José Daniel Ferrer, Cuba
Ale­jan­dro Foxley, Chile
Ralf Fücks, Germany
Francis Fuku­yama, USA
Cynthia Gabriel, Malay­sia
William Galston, USA
Sumit Ganguly, India
Timothy Garton Ash, United Kingdom
Chito Gascon, Phil­ip­pi­nes
Richard Gere, USA
Carl Gersh­man, USA
Eka Gigauri, Georgia
John Githongo, Kenya
Ana Gomes, Por­tu­gal
Leonid Gozman, Russia
Paul Graham, South Africa
Vartan Gre­go­rian, USA
Chen Guang­cheng, China
Borys Gudziak, Ukraine
Antonio Guedes, Spain
Ashok Gurung, Nepal
Emma­nuel Gyimah-Boadi, Ghana
Chai­bong Hahm, South Korea
Barbara Haig, USA
Martin Hála, Czech Repu­blic
Amr Hamzawy, Egypt
Husain Haqqani, Paki­stan
Miklos Haraszti, Hungary
Robert Hardh, Sweden
Bambang Hary­murti, Indo­ne­sia
Ivan Havel, Czech Repu­blic
Agnieszka Holland, Poland
Szu­chien Hsu, Taiwan
Anwar Ibrahim, Malay­sia
Maiko Ichihara, Japan
Hasler Igle­sias, Vene­zuela
Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Estonia
Ramin Jahan­be­gloo, Iran/​Canada
Chee Soon Juan, Sin­g­a­pore
Kornely Kaka­chia, Georgia
Archil Kan­cha­veli, Georgia
Nataša Kandić, Serbia
Vla­di­mir Kara-Murza, Russia
Tawak­kol Karman, Yeman
Garry Kas­parov, USA/​Russia
Mikhail Kasya­nov, Russia
Janos Kenedi, Hungary
Zoltán Kész, Hungary
Maina Kiai, Kenya
James Kir­chick, USA
Jakub Klepal, Czech Repu­blic
Ondřej Klimeš, Czech Repu­blic
Bassma Kodmani, Syria/​France
Givi Korin­teli, Georgia
Bernard Kouch­ner, France
Ivan Krastev, Bul­ga­ria
Enrique Krauze, Mexico
Péter Krekó, Hungary
Batu Kutelia, Georgia
Bolívar Lamounier, Brazil
Vytau­tas Lands­ber­gis, Lit­hua­nia
Walter Laqueur, USA
Arthur Larok, Uganda
Nathan Law, Hong Kong
Sook-Jong Lee, South Korea
Bernard-Henri Lévy, France
Mario Vargas Llosa, Peru
James Loeff­ler, USA
Amichai Magen, Israel
Bálint Magyar, Hungary
Anar Mam­madli, Azer­bai­jan
Myros­lav Mary­n­ovych, Ukraine
Nya­radzo Mas­ha­ya­mombe, Zim­babwe
Radwan Mas­moudi, Tunisia
Penda Mbow, Senegal
Thomas O. Melia, USA
Stjepan Mesić, Croatia
Adam Michnik, Poland
Ivan Mikloš, Slo­va­kia
Emin Milli, Azer­bai­jan
Mikheil Mir­zia­sh­vili, Georgia
Carlos Alberto Mon­ta­ner, Cuba
Davood Mora­dian, Afgha­ni­stan
Yascha Mounk, USA
Giorgi Muchaidze, Georgia
Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Romania
Suren­dra Munshi, India
Igor Mun­te­anu, Moldova
Joshua Murav­chik, USA
Ahmad Farouk Musa, Malay­sia
Dino Mus­ta­fić, Bosnia and Her­ze­go­vina
Moisés Naím, Vene­zuela
Andrew Nathan, USA
Mustafa Nayyem, Ukraine
Mesfin Negash, Ethio­pia
Ghia Nodia, Georgia
Andrej Nosov, Serbia
Wai Wai Nu, Burma
Ayo Obe, Nigeria
Giorgi Oniani, Georgia
Ana Palacio, Spain
Šimon Pánek, Czech Repu­blic
Baia Pat­araia, Georgia
Zygis Pavi­lio­nis, Lit­hua­nia
Rosa Maria Payá, Cuba
Latinka Perović, Bosnia and Her­ze­go­vina
Andrei Piont­kov­ski, Russia/​USA
Marc Platt­ner, USA
Jerzy Pomi­a­now­ski, Poland
Thi­tinan Pong­sud­hi­rak, Thai­land
Rodger Potocki, USA
Arch Pud­ding­ton, USA
Vesna Pusić, Croatia
Xiao Qiang, China/​USA
Iveta Radičová, Slo­va­kia
Sam Rainsy, Cam­bo­dia
Jorge Quiroga Ramírez, Bolivia
Aziz Royesh, Afgha­ni­stan
Ralf Rücks. Germany
Jacques Rupnik, France
Walid Salem, Pales­tine
Gabriel Salvia, Argen­tina
Sima Samar, Afgha­ni­stan
Maia Sandu, Moldova
Eli­z­ardo Sánchez, Cuba
Yoani Sánchez, Cuba
Gulnara Shahi­n­ian, Armenia
Lilia Shevt­sova, Russia
Karel Schwar­zen­berg, Czech Repu­blic
Sla­wo­mir Sier­a­kow­ski, Poland
Vasil Sik­ha­ru­l­idze, Georgia
James Smart, Kenya
Timothy Snyder, USA
Uffe Riis Søren­sen, Denmark
Ambiga Sre­en­evasan, Malay­sia
Daniel Stid, USA
Tamara Sujú, Vene­zuela
Zamira Sydy­kova, Kyr­gyzstan
Borys Tara­siuk, Ukraine
Enrique ter Horst, Vene­zuela
Vla­di­mir Tis­mă­neanu, USA/​Romania
J. S. Tis­sai­na­ya­gam, Sri Lanka
Daniel Twining, USA
Jon Ung­pha­korn, Thai­land
Rost­is­lav Valvoda, Czech Repu­blic
Franak Via­corka, Belarus
Kon­stan­tin von Eggert, Russia
Alex­andr Vondra, Czech Repu­blic
Chris­to­pher Walker, USA
George Weigel, USA
Leon Wie­sel­tier, USA
Kenneth Wollack, USA
Joshua Wong, Hong Kong
Samuel Kofi Woods II, Liberia
Jeta Xharra, Kosovo
Jianli Yang, China/​USA
Richard Youngs, United Kingdom
Leyla Yunus, Azer­bai­jan
Yevgen Zak­ha­rov, Ukraine
Svit­lana Zalish­chuk, Ukraine
Nino Zam­bak­hidze, Georgia
Yev­ge­niy Zhovtis, Kazak­stan
Philip Zim­bardo, USA
Min Zin, Burma
Michael Žan­tovský, Czech Repu­blic


Koali­tion für demo­kra­ti­sche Erneue­rung

Die Koali­tion für demo­kra­ti­sche Erneue­rung (Coali­tion for Demo­cra­tic Renewal – CDR) ist eine globale Initia­tive einer Gruppe von Intel­lek­tu­el­len, Akti­vis­ten und Poli­ti­kern, die sich mit der Aus­brei­tung von Macht und Ein­fluss auto­ri­tä­rer Regime und der gleich­zei­ti­gen Schwä­chung des demo­kra­ti­schen Systems von innen befasst. Die CDR will die grund­le­gen­den Prin­zi­pien der Demo­kra­tie erneut bekräf­ti­gen, um gegen­über auto­ri­tä­ren Oppo­nen­ten der Demo­kra­tie in die Offen­sive zu gelan­gen und um Soli­da­ri­tät mit den mutigen Men­schen zu demons­trie­ren, die sich über alle auf der Welt in unde­mo­kra­ti­schen Regimen für Frei­heit ein­set­zen.

Das Grün­dungs­do­ku­ment des CDR, der Prager Aufruf (Prague Appeal), wurde am 26. Mai 2017 ver­öf­fent­licht. Zu den CDR-Mit­glie­dern gehören unter anderem die Lite­ra­tur-Nobel­preis­trä­ge­rin Swet­lana Ale­xi­je­witsch, der Poli­tik­wis­sen­schaft­ler und Phi­lo­soph Francis Fuku­yama, der rus­si­sche Schach-Groß­meis­ter und Poli­tik­ak­ti­vist Garri Kas­parow, der fran­zö­si­sche Phi­lo­soph Bernard-Hénri Levy, der Stu­den­ten­an­füh­rer und Mit­glied des Legis­la­tiv­rats von Hong Kong, Nathan Law, die Jour­na­lis­tin und Autorin Anne App­le­baum, der Poli­tik­wis­sen­schaft­ler Ivan Krastev, die Jugend­ak­ti­vis­tin Rosa María Payá, und Ivan Havel, Wis­sen­schaft­ler und Bruder des ehe­ma­li­gen tsche­chi­schen Prä­si­den­ten Václav Havel.

Die Koali­tion wurde offi­zi­ell am 20. Oktober 2017 in der tsche­chi­schen Haupt­stadt Prag im Rahmen der jähr­li­chen Forum 2000 Con­fe­rence gegrün­det.

Die kon­kre­ten Ziele des Pro­jekts sind:

  • die Ent­wick­lung und Stär­kung der CDR-Platt­form, die als mora­li­scher und intel­lek­tu­el­ler Kata­ly­sa­tor für die Revi­ta­li­sie­rung der demo­kra­ti­schen Idee dienen soll;
  • als inter­ak­ti­ves Forum zu fun­gie­ren für den Ide­en­aus­tausch über die besten Wege, um den kom­ple­xen neuen Her­aus­for­de­run­gen für die Demo­kra­tie zu begeg­nen, wie die sta­gnie­ren­den oder sin­ken­den Lebens­stan­dards vieler Bür­ge­rin­nen und Bürger, den Wider­stand gegen zuneh­mende Immi­gra­tion, die Zunah­men „post-fak­ti­scher Politik“ im Zeit­al­ter sozia­ler Medien und die Erosion der Unter­stüt­zung für die libe­rale Demo­kra­tie;
  • das öffent­li­che Bewusst­sein zu stei­gern und Bil­dungs­ak­ti­vi­tä­ten für die Öffent­lich­keit, Stu­den­tin­nen und Stu­den­ten und die Zivil­ge­sell­schaft zu erar­bei­ten.

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