For many years, Poland and Germany pursued different policies regarding Russia and Ukraine. While Warsaw advocated harsher sanctions against Moscow and more support for Kyiv, Berlin was traditionally more reluctant. Despite Zeitenwende, differences linger. Can the two countries synchronize their approach?
A conversation between Kerstin Müller, former Minister of State at the Federal Foreign Office, and Iran specialist Kasra Aarabi about 7 October, Iran as a sponsor of terrorist organizations in the Middle East, cooperation with Russia and the special role of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards. The EU should classify them as a terrorist organization.
In view of the threat of aggression from violent powers and attacks on international law, to what extent should the war against Ukraine be seen as a “turning point” for Europe? And what conclusions must European policymakers draw? After a contribution from Timothy Garton Ash, the panel of Olha Stefanishyna, Robin Wagener, Karolina Wigura and Andrius Kubilius explored these questions.
The second panel was made up of four members of the Bundestag, Thomas Hacker, Anton Hofreiter, Tilmann Kuban, and Christian Petry, and the Ukrainian Ambassador Oleksii Makeiev. They discussed the EU accession of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova. In December 2023, the EU Member States will decide what steps these three countries must take in order to join the EU.
“Are we doing enough for Ukraine to win?” was the question addressed by the panel with Justyna Gotkowska, Christian Mölling, Maryna Vorotniuk, Alex Vidman and Nico Lange. The participants agreed that the West’s support is not enough and discussed what needs to be done specifically to support Ukraine.
On 11 October 2023, an international conference organised by the Centre for Liberal Modernity shed light on the significance of the Russian war of aggression for Europe. What can we do to ensure that a free and united Ukraine emerges from the war? How can war criminals be held accountable? How do we shape the European security order of the future?
What opportunities, problems and solutions do Ukrainian energy experts see for the sustainable reconstruction of their country’s energy system? The policy paper “Ukraine’s Path Towards a Sustainable Energy Sector” summarises the results of our survey study and describes policy recommendations.
Liberal democracy is under pressure worldwide. At our conference “Rethinking Liberalism, Renewing Democracy” on 24 November in Berlin and online, we discussed with international guests from academia, politics, think tanks and business how liberalism and liberal democracy must evolve in order to sustain.
Climate change and its consequences are viewed differently in Russia than is the case in the West. The issue is understood as “part of a political game”. This difference in outlook has ramifications for both political and economic cooperation. The interview study “Russian Experts’ Opinions on Global Climate Change”, conducted by Russia’s Levada-Center and commissioned by the Center for Liberal Modernity, affords in-depth insight into the Russian elites’ perspective on climate change and its societal and economic consequences.